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    Our experts are featured in industry-leading publications and provide deep insights into the science behind our services.

    Sterilization of biopharmaceuticals: Effect of gamma irradiation, e-beam irradiation and Nitrogen dioxide on human insulin

    Biopharmaceuticals are administered parenterally and therefore sterility is required. Sterility can be obtained via different processes including exposure to steam or dry heat...

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    Sterilization of Micronized Indomethacin

    Sterilization is a pivotal topic in the pharmaceutical industry, whereby the nomenclature of “sterile” refers to the absence of viable microorganisms. Since microorganisms can reproduce in the body and...

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    The effect of Gamma and Ethylene Oxide Sterilization on a Selection of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients for Ophthalmics

    Ensuring the sterility of life science products plays a pivotal role in the healthcare sector. Gamma irradiation and ethylene...

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    The Cobalt-60 Pioneers

    Cobalt-60 is widely used in the medical device space for terminal sterilization, but how is it used in the pharma industry...

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    Biological safety in the context of backward planetary protection and Mars Sample Return: conclusions from the Sterilization Working Group

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA) are studying how samples might be brought back to Earth from Mars safely. Backward planetary protection is key in this complex endeavour, as it is required to prevent potential adverse effects from returning materials to Earth’s biosphere....

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    Gamma Irradiation of Animal Serum: Maintaining the Cold Chain Throughout the Process

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    Chapter 3: Gamma Irradiation Plants in “Food Irradiation Technologies Concepts, Applications and Outcomes,” published by The Royal Society of Chemistry

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    A Comparison of Gamma, E-beam, X-ray and Ethylene Oxide Technologies for the Industrial Sterilization of Medical Devices and Healthcare Products

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    Why use ethylene oxide (EO) for sterilizing medical devices

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    Guide on the establishment of the maximum acceptable dose (Dmax,acc) for a product

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